ACACIA ARABICA (BROWN)

ACACIA ARABICA (BROWN)

1. Vachellia nilotica (commonly known as gum arabic tree, babul, thorn mimosa,
Egyptian acacia or thorny acacia) is a tree in the family Fabaceae. It is native to
Africa, the Middle East and the Indian subcontinent. It is widely distributed
throughout arid and semi-arid zones of the world.
2. Acacia arabica has been proved as effective medicine in treatment of malaria; sore
throat (aerial part) and toothache (bark) 3-8 have tested the anti-fertility activity of
A. arabica pods and nuts. The methanolic extracts of A. arabica pods have been
claimed against HIV-PR.
3. The bark of babul tree contains tannin and gallic acid and therefore, tree is planted
for its bark. It has great medicinal value with antioxidant activity. The bark of Acacia
has been traditionally used to produce gum Arabic.
4. Although this is mainly used as a thickener and stabilizer in the food industry, it is
also a fast dye on cotton. It is extracted from the dry powdered bark in alkaline
solution and produces a range of shades from brown to grey, depending on the metal
mordant used.
5. The Arabica bark powder produces beautiful light to dark brown and grey shades on
cotton, wool, silk and all natural textile substrates by standardized dyeing process
using different combination of natural mordants on fibers, fabric and garments with
excellent fastness properties.